Detail View: Colorado Coal Project: Interview with Mr. Steve Surisky

Collection Name: 
Colorado Coal Project
Title: 
Interview with Mr. Steve Surisky
Creator: 
Margolis, Eric, 1947-
Creator: 
McMahan, Ronald L.
Subject: 
Coal Strike, Colo., 1913-1914
Subject: 
Strikes and lockouts -- Coal mining -- Colorado
Subject: 
Coal miners -- Personal narratives
Subject: 
Coal mines and mining
Subject: 
Coal mining -- Colorado
Subject: 
Labor disputes -- Colorado
Description: 
Mr. Surisky retired with a miner's pension after 50 years in the Pryor and Turner mines -- but also with black lung disease. Miners were paid in script, which could be redeemed for cash. They had no choice but to shop at the company store, or be fired. In 1913, he and his brother were part of the tent colony at Ludlow, in a sagging, cramped tent with 2 others. They supplemented $3.50/week strike pay by hunting for jack rabbits. He recalls Nick Costa and his family, as well as Louis Tikas. When the militia fired on strikers in the tents, April 1914, Surisky was wounded in the foot and went to the union doctor in Trinidad, Dr. Beshoar. Fighting continued after the tents at Ludlow were burned, until the "regular" army arrived. Surisky recalls the "company-man" sheriff (Jeff Farr) and his deputies (Potts and Shorty Martinez). He also remembers the union member Mike Livoda and speeches given by Mother Jones; he claims "she cussed like hell". After the fighting, he met John D. Rockefeller, at a nearby YMCA. He doesn't recall the IWW strike in 1927.
Description Type: 
summary
Publisher: 
University of Colorado Boulder Archives
Contributor: 
Surisky, Steve 1897-1991
Date: 
1978-02-07
Type: 
Text
Format: 
text/pdf
Identifier: 
narv_coloradoCoal_transSurisky
Language: 
English
Relation: 
128-Surisky
Relation Type: 
sourceFor
Relation href: 
http://cudl.colorado.edu/luna/servlet/s/nh0aj6
Coverage (Spatial): 
Ludlow, CO
Coverage (Temporal): 
1913/1963