Colorado Coal Project
Colorado Coal Project
1968 interview with Mike Livoda
Margolis, Eric, 1947-
McMahan, Ronald L.
Coal Strike (Colorado : 1913-1914)
Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Colorado
United Mine Workers of America
Coal miners--Personal narratives
Coal mines and mining
Coal mines and mining--Colorado--Huerfano County
Coal mines and mining--Colorado--Las Animas County
00:05:00 -- Mike Livoda recalls the 1913/1914 coal strike in and near Ludlow, Colorado.
Recollections of Ludlow: A man sings "Union, Forever". Mike Livoda recognizes a photo of Mother Jones at the head of a parade of women and cries, "God bless Mother Jones!" At Walsenburg and Trinidad miners were fired if their union membership was discovered. In 1913 at Trinidad, the miners' convention voted to strike. The coal companies controlled all the mining camps, including the housing. On 23 Sept. 1913 the strike began at Ludlow during a snow and sleet storm. Miners and their families were forced to move out of company housing during storm. The union initially provided 1 large tent as a temporary shelter for the entire colony. Company guards were mounted, armed, and in large groups (up to 50 men). Ludlow was where the train would stop, bringing in strikebreakers. Guards and miners would clash, especially after a few drinks. John Nemo was killed. There were about 1800 people at Ludlow and about 2000 at Aguilar. Tent colonies appeared at most of the mining camps (Forbes, Suffield, Walsenburg), except at Aguilar (which was a pre-existing, "free town"). Sheriff Belcher wore a steel vest for protection. In Trinidad, someone in the crowd shot and killed Belcher (possibly Zancannelli). Livoda knew 2 men who were "involved": Sam Carter from Oklahoma, A. B. McGeary from Des Moines, Iowa. After the shooting, Livoda gave them each a check and provided them a ride to Dodge City, Kansas, saying "Get out and stay out!"
University of Colorado Boulder Archives
Livoda, Mike, 1886-1984
Title: Interview with Mike Livoda (part 1 of 4)
Las Animas County (Colorado, United States, North America) (civil)
Huerfano County (Colorado, United States, North America) (civil)
Ludlow (Las Animas, Colorado, United States, North America) (populated place)