Detail View: Colorado Coal Project: Interview with Mrs. Martha Todd (first video)

Collection Name: 
Colorado Coal Project
Title: 
Interview with Mrs. Martha Todd (first video)
Creator: 
Margolis, Eric, 1947-
Creator: 
McMahan, Ronald L.
Subject: 
Coal mines and mining
Subject: 
Coal mining -- Colorado -- Huerfano County
Description: 
She relates early days of her family, who all emigrated from Scotland. Despite poverty, she fondly remembers her childhood among friendly neighbors in Taltec (? possibly Toltec). Born in Dawson, New Mexico in 1904, she vividly recalls the coal strike beginning in 1913 and a mine explosion with fatalities, in 1914. She describes winter in Floresta, Colorado, with 20 feet of snow and hand-made skis. Many miners were hard drinkers, and her father (Alexander Marshall) often assembled his work-crew in the saloons. During the coal-mining boom Walsenburg had many thriving businesses. She worries about future prospects in the area for her grandchildren and great-grandchildren. She recalls dancing in the street on Armistice Day, 1918. Her mother witnessed a speech by Mother Jones from the courthouse steps during the 1913 strike, and at least 2 young friends were shot down in the street. Another strike followed in 1927, called by the IWW.
Description Type: 
summary
Description: 
(Video begins with ~18 min. of Owens interview. Todd interview begins ~18:50 min.) 30 min: Mrs. Todd fondly recalls her childhood and school = p. 6 of pdf 40 min: The 1914 strike; memories of Prohibition = p. 9 of pdf 50 min: Strikes in the mines; her memories of the Ludlow Massacre = p. 11 of pdf 60 min: Children's lives in mining towns; hew father's work as foreman = p. 17 of pdf
Description Type: 
SegmentSequence
Publisher: 
University of Colorado Boulder Archives
Contributor: 
Todd, Martha 1904-1986
Date: 
2/5/1978
Type: 
MovingImage
Format: 
video/mp4
Identifier: 
125-Todd
Language: 
English
Relation: 
narv_coloradoCoal_transTodd2
Relation Type: 
derivedFrom
Relation href: 
http://cudl.colorado.edu/luna/servlet/s/2k55y2
Relation: 
209-Todd
Relation Type: 
relatedTo
Relation href: 
http://cudl.colorado.edu/luna/servlet/s/3486c2
Relation: 
126-Todd
Relation Type: 
relatedTo
Relation href: 
http://cudl.colorado.edu/luna/servlet/s/40c7x3
Relation: 
narv_coloradoCoal_transTodd1
Relation Type: 
relatedTo
Relation href: 
http://cudl.colorado.edu/luna/servlet/s/h7z7gh
Coverage (Spatial): 
Ideal Mine, CO
Coverage (Spatial): 
Huerfano County, CO
Coverage (Spatial): 
Pictou Mine, CO
Coverage (Spatial): 
Mutual Mine, CO
Coverage (Spatial): 
Walsenburg, CO
Coverage (Temporal): 
1883/1975