Detail View: Colorado Coal Project: From child-miner to successful coal exporter (pt. 1 of 2)

Collection Name: 
Colorado Coal Project
Title: 
From child-miner to successful coal exporter (pt. 1 of 2)
Creator: 
Margolis, Eric, 1947-
Subject: 
Coal mines and mining
Subject: 
Carbon Fuel Company
Subject: 
Entrepreneurship -- United States -- History -- 20th century
Subject: 
West (U.S.) -- Social conditions -- 20th century
Subject: 
Helper (Utah)
Subject: 
Coal miners -- Personal narratives
Description: 
10 min: His early mining work; starting his own mining business = p. 7 of pdf (transcript begins @ 01:00) 20 min: Early attitudes toward miners; mechanization and new safety laws in mines = p. 12 of pdf 30 min: His purchases of area mines; depth of mining seams; success as a coal exporter = p. 18 of pdf 40 min: Treatment of foreigners in the mines; his transition from mining to buying mines = p. 23 of pdf 50 min: Early mining with mules; the dangers of hand mining, with simple technology = p. 28 of pdf 60 min: Mining innovations: mechanization, better labor relations; the KKK and the Black Hand in Helper, UT = p. 36 of pdf
Description Type: 
SegmentSequence
Description: 
Diamanti began working in coal mines driving a mule at 13. He continued working as a miner, living in poverty, gardening and hunting for food, with no work in the summer months. He describes life in Helper, Utah, with no running water or electricity and lawless violence (KKK, Mafia, city officials). Most ethnic groups lived separately but got along; however, general animosities existed between English-speaking immigrants and all others. Around 1930 he leased and later bought his own mine. It was a struggle but he bought more mines and added modern machinery. He paid decent wages and provided training. Soon he was modernizing the industry with his conveyor-only method of hauling coal. By the 1960s, he had expanded into buying and exporting coal. There is some discussion about the effects of the corporate coal industry on small communities and the environment.
Description Type: 
summary
Publisher: 
University of Colorado Boulder Archives
Contributor: 
Diamanti, James, 1911-1987
Date: 
4/24/1978
Type: 
MovingImage
Format: 
video/mp4
Identifier: 
151-Diamanti
Language: 
English
Relation: 
152-Diamanti
Relation Type: 
relatedTo
Relation href: 
http://cudl.colorado.edu/luna/servlet/s/98f8x6
Relation: 
narv_coloradoCoal_transDiamanti
Relation Type: 
sourceFor
Relation href: 
http://cudl.colorado.edu/luna/servlet/s/cn9jw1
Coverage (Spatial): 
Carbon County, UT
Coverage (Spatial): 
Helper, UT
Coverage (Spatial): 
Price, UT
Coverage (Spatial): 
Utah
Coverage (Temporal): 
1903/1978