Detail View: Colorado Coal Project: Interview with Raymond Toson and his sister

Collection Name: 
Colorado Coal Project
Title: 
Interview with Raymond Toson and his sister
Creator: 
Margolis, Eric, 1947-
Creator: 
McMahan, Ronald L.
Subject: 
Coal mines and mining
Subject: 
Coal miners -- Personal narratives
Subject: 
Coal mining -- Colorado
Subject: 
Coal mining -- Utah
Description: 
Raymond (son of Italian immigrants) began mining in 1920 (Aguilar) and participated in the 1922 UMWA strike. He left when the strike was broken by "state rangers". Part of mine rescue and firefighting teams, he discusses mining fatalities: a 24-hour shutdown of the mine and the body borne out by other miners. IWW strikes "took more men out that any of the other strikes", such as the 1933 strike by National Miners' Union. The company threatened strikers, who may never recover their losses. He recalls a strikers' parade (in Price, Utah) that was tear-gassed in 1933. The rivalry between unions (UMWA, NMU) allowed owners to pit them against each other. He expects more coal production (especially of low-sulfur coal), benefitting the economy of towns like Helper, Utah. He left mining for lack of work, with no pension but a case of black lung. His sister also talks about those killed in mines.
Description Type: 
summary
Description: 
10 min: Coal mining in the 1920's; the UMW strike; the Ludlow massacre = Pg. 10 of pdf 20 min: The dangers of mining and its impact on coaltowns; joining the union in 1920 = Pg. 20 of pdf 30 min: UMW and IWW strikes in the 1920's to 1930's; conflicts with company workers = Pg 29 of pdf 40 min: Mining returns to the town; attack during the 1933 strike; his black lung disease = Pg. 39 of pdf 50 min: 1913-1914 strike; decline of the UMW; his early mining days; his sister joins in = Pg. 52 of pdf 61 min: Toson's sister -- son's death in the mines, and danger to others; end of interview = Pg. 61 of pdf
Description Type: 
SegmentSequence
Publisher: 
University of Colorado Boulder Archives
Contributor: 
Toson, Raymond 1904-1994
Contributor: 
Vik, Randy
Date: 
4/28/1978
Type: 
MovingImage
Format: 
video/mp4
Identifier: 
163-Toson
Language: 
English
Relation: 
narv_coloradoCoal_transToson
Relation Type: 
derivedFrom
Relation href: 
http://cudl.colorado.edu/luna/servlet/s/ohl0or
Coverage (Spatial): 
Carbon Fuel Mine, UT
Coverage (Spatial): 
Aguilar, CO
Coverage (Spatial): 
Dawson, NM
Coverage (Spatial): 
Castle Gate, UT
Coverage (Spatial): 
Ludlow, CO
Coverage (Spatial): 
Helper, UT
Coverage (Spatial): 
Standardville, UT
Coverage (Spatial): 
Morley, CO
Coverage (Temporal): 
1920/1942