Detail View: World War I Collection: Food pledge week

Collection Name: 
World War I Pamphlets Collection
Food pledge week
Name Part: 
United States. Committee on Public Information. Division of Four Minute Men,
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United States. Committee on Public Information. Division of Four Minute Men
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Date Issued: 
Date Created: 
Place Term: 
Washington (D.C.)
Government Printing Office
Internet Media Type: 
4 p. 28 cm
Digital Origin: 
reformatted digital
Committee on Public Information. Division of Four Minute Men
Subject Topic: 
World War (1914-1918)
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Subject Geographic Code: 
Subject Geographic Code Authority: 
Subject Topic: 
World War, 1914-1918 -- Food supply
Subject Authority: 
Subject Topic: 
Food conservation -- United States
Subject Authority: 
TX357 .F55 1917
Related Item: 
Bulletin no. 18
Related Item: 
Bulletin (United States. Committee on Public Information. Division of Four Minute Men) no. 18
Identifier ARK:
Physical Location: 
University of Colorado Boulder Libraries Rare and Distinctive Collections
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The organization that has made the Item available believes that the Item is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. The Item may not be in the Public Domain under the laws of other countries. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information.
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COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC INFORMATION DIVISION OF FOUR MINUTE MEN October 29, 1917 Bulletin No. 18 4 MINUTE MEN 4 10 JACKSON PLACE WASHINGTON, D. C. "FOOD PLEDGE WEEK." Bulletin No. 18, for use Oct. 29 to Nov. 4. United States Food administration WASHINGTON. D. C. My dear Mr. Blair: At the request of the President, we have definitely decided to postpone the household enrollment campaign from the week of October 21 to the week of October 28, in order that there may "be no confusion in the minds of the people about the campaign of the Liberty Loan and our pledge-card campaign. During that week, from October 29 to November 5 inclusive, we hope to enlist as nearly as possible one hundred per cent of America's twenty-two million households in an army that will wholeheartedly support food conservation. Pledge cards to be signed by housekeepers will be distributed everywhere. I am writing this note to solicit in particular the active support of the Pour-Minute Men. If their work on the food campaign will be as enthusiastic and effective as it is now proving in the Liberty Loan Campaign, I am satisfied that a large and permanent good in our cause can "be accomplished by your speakers. Every food pledge is in direct support of the next Liberty Loan. Saving is the essence of our bond issues. Saving is all-important in this war. Hence when your speaker arouses the enthusiasm of a-householder, inducing her to sign the pledge for food conservation, he is doing a work that helps concretely all his other constructive efforts. Yours faithfully, Herdier Woodey To all Pour Minute Men: I trust this letter from Mr. Hoover will inspire us to action. Let us all do our best to help food conservation. With this four page digest, we send a supplement containing important information supplied by the food administration. By gathering more facts than are needed in a four-minute talk, the speaker gains conviction and force. Cordially, yours, WM. McCORMICK BLAIR, Director. P.S. Ho speaking the week of Nov. 4th. 19102°—17 Volunteers Must Help the Food Administration, THE food administration has two distinct functions: 1. By force of law to assist in price regulation and licensing of those concerned in trade of foodstuff. 2. Without force of law to promulgate the gospel of food conservation. It is with this latter function that volunteer helpers of food conservation are concerned as part of a vast machinery now being built in every part of the country. WHILE the appeal to patriotism is essential because it inspires to concerted action, we should bear in mind five points particularly emphasized by the food administration: First.—The American people should eat plenty, but wisely and without waste. There is no attempt and no need in this country to limit either the supply of the very best nutriments, nor to curtail the pleasures of the table. The problem, now a patriotic necessity, is simply to change habits, many of these habits illy formed, some just foolish habits. Second.—You'll be "money ahead" by listening.. The food administration is directed entirely in your interest. It is yours, your own big cooperative cooking school—and your own joint pantry besides Nothing is asked but what is good for you. You save by helping this Food Administration to your utmost. If you're a real husband and a real father you will give this subject a little thought because yours is the duty of the provider. If you're the wife the question is simply: Have you "spunk" enough, have you "sense" enough, and are you eager enough to be a real mother, so you will listen and learn? Don't say there is nothing new for you to learn about cooking and feeding. The food administrators who have studied for many years are still learning every day. And you can learn to change appetites, to cook differently, and thus feed your family better than before at less expense. ″ Third.—About prices. The Food Administration has enormous power to help you, the consumer. It fixes prices and grants licenses on food products. Beginning November 1 it takes direct charge to protect your pantry. But you can not expect laws to force cattle to give more and cheaper milk; you can not buy bread at former prices when there is a bushel less of wheat and a man more to feed. By helping the Food Administration, you can, however, hope that prices will go no higher and that perhaps the cost of living will even be reduced during the war. (As indeed to-day in European countries where laws force people to save, the prices of some necessities are lower than here.) Fourth.—It is "up to you." There is no coercion. As a writer at Food Administration headquarters aptly noted: "While Europe issues bread cards, we issue pledge cards." It is another phase of the struggle for free institutions. Shall we, unrestricted by laws, be able to work out food conservation through the freely given help of every American home, or must we have laws, and bread cards, regulation, and inspection ? Fifth.—This project of changing America's food habits is not merely a war necessity; it is a permanent necessity. We are building an absolutely essential work for peace times. Appeal to the conscience. In every home the conscience must reign. If not, what then ? Picture America—on compulsory rations! Not a new idea, hardly, this idea of a home conscience about food. We need but get back, back once more to the old-fashioned home, the kind of a home in which many of us older folks were raised, where even if there was plenty, the waste of foods, as we were taught by our mothers, was a sin. Can we not all of us, every patriotic man and woman, help spread that sense of sin ? Plant it with a few words deep down in the minds. And your epicure who insists that his wife shall use butter in cooking, will soon pass such uncomfortable moments that his palate prefers meat cooked with vegetable fats. Never forgetting, however, amid this appeal to altruism, the other fact, that healthier habits of eating can easily be cultivated with a corresponding fattening of the pocketbook. Food the deciding factor. The three factors which will determine the issue of this war are men, money, and food. We are reverently dedicating lives. We are freely spending money. The third task is hardest—to modify the food habits of 110,000,000 Americans. This can be done only by cooperation, universal, whole-souled, decisive. This cooperation must begin in the home. Mother, father, and children are equally under obligation to enter the partnership. The outcome of the war and the welfare of the world depend upon active participation in their 22 million American households. (2) STOP THAT WASTE! It has been stated that a German family can live on the things an American family throws away. And the Food Administration estimates that we are wasting seven hundred million dollars a year in food alone—twice the interest on our national debt. If we merely saved, saved sensibly, even if we did not change a single habit of eating, a tremendous task would have been accomplished. Now, see how simple the following: WHAT TO EAT. Some do's; not don'ts. Eat plenty of local foods. This avoids transportation of supplies. Eat more potatoes every day, studying out new luscious potato dishes. Eat eggs and poultry in plenty whenever obtainable. Eat liberty bread.—Use oats and corn and other cereals besides wheat. They are cheaper and variety is decidedly better for you. Eat garden products when,in season. Start now to plan next spring's home garden planting. Use every meat scrap for soups, gravies, and flavorings. Remember meat is not necessary if you get the right substitutes. Use all the milk supply; use buttermilk, sour milk, and cheese. Even at present prices milk is cheap; costs less per food unit than many other foods; give the children plenty. Use tact, not force, in suggesting changes in table habits. WHAT TO SAVE. And how to save. Save all foods left from general table service. (Use for soup, salad, stews, or scalloped dishes.) Save by serving smaller rolls, smaller muffins, smaller cuts of butter and meat, nothing more at one time than will not only be eaten, but is surely and really wanted; then encourage second or third helpings. Remember Jack Spratt and his wife who licked the platter clean. Save by utilizing every eatable part of foods; e. g., leaves of vegetables for greens or salads or soups. Store food and screen it from dust and flies to keep from spoiling. Then watch and use before it starts to spoil. Home canning.—Can the surplus, especially of garden products; study also drying and brining. The Department of Agriculture publishes directions. Cook food long enough to develop full food value. Study up new dishes so you can set a better, more appetizing table at less expense. Specific suggestions for saving on certain foods—wheat, milk, sugars, fats and meats- in the Supplement 18a sent with this bulletin. -are given MESSAGE FROM THE FOOD ADMINISTRATION. In order to help the United States make good to her allies, France and Italy, the homes, the hotels, and the restaurants of this country must help us save food. We must double our exports of wheat, meats, and sugar. The crop for this year is in and we will not be able to make good unless the people save these foods by substituting other foods; therefore, remember to eat corn, barley, rye, and oats instead of wheat, and instead of beef, mutton, pork, and pork products eat chicken, eggs, and fish; instead of animal fats use vegetable oils like cotton seed oil, olive oil, and coconut oil; instead of sugar, which Italy and France need desperately for the soldiers, use syrups, honey, and molasses. Every man, woman, and child in the United States can help win the war by doing their duty in this way. Every time you eat three times a day think of the starving people in Europe and the soldiers who are fighting our battles and keep these rules in mind. Planning a Scientific Diet. When we get a correct plan of diet, right foods and right combinations, we eat less and yet have really been better nourished. The end can not be attained by following some simple admonition such as "Eat whole grain rather than its mill products," or "Live only on fruits and vegetables." Neither does mere abundance of wholesome food solve the problem. Therefore, while the detail regarding proteins and carbohydrates may not be understood by all, every housekeeper should have some idea of the things that make up foods and what combinations of foodg really feed us the most. Food will win the War. We MUST Save on Food to Win. If you want to be patriotic Have a wheatless day weekly Have a meatless day weekly 4 HERE IS THE FOOD PLEDGE CARD! PLEDGE CARD FOR UNITED STATES FOOD ADMINISTRATION. If you have already signed, pass this on to a friend. TO THE FOOD ADMINISTRATOR: I am glad to join you in the service of food conservation for our Nation and I hereby accept membership in the United States Food Administration, pledging myself to carry out the directions and advice of the Food Administrator in my home, insofar as my circumstances permit. Name..........._...................._............. Street......._............................................... City..............................____State................ There are no fees or dues to be paid. The Food Administration wishes to have as members all of those actually handling food in the home. Anyone may have the Home Card of Instruction, but only those signing pledges are entitled to Membership Window Card, which will be delivered upon receipt of the signed pledge. THIS IS THE FOOD PLEDGE WEEK! HERE is the pledge card you are asked to sign. Who would refuse? See what it says! Nothing more than a promise that you will live according to your own conscience. You do not need to promise wheatless days or meatless days. You just promise that you will live according to your conscience; and who of us is opposed to such a pledge? Of course, when you sign it does mean that you must try from that day to live according to that pledge—try a wheatless or a meatless day if you think you ought—and surely by all means help us stop that senseless waste. Remember, too, that this pledge card is sent direct to Washington when you sign your name— that card is sent and filed in the archives and you get your acknowledgment—an honor for every patriotic American woman. Mrs. Woodrow Wilson was the first woman to sign this food pledge card. This is pledge-card week. Join us now. Coming immediately after the stirring Liberty Loan campaign, this food-pledge appeal can be closely knit to the previous subject. For saving, as we said heretofore, is the essence of the Government bond issue. Every family for which a small bond was bought can without stinting pay for this bond out of savings in food alone. All who eat are interested. This subject perhaps does not lend itself as readily to oratorical outburst as topics like the "Liberty Loan" or "Unmasking German propaganda." But to the man who eats it is an intensely interesting topic. Many a man's palate is endowed with a more acute sensitiveness than is his heart. Culinary discussions, if of a practical turn, never fail to interest women; while men and women alike are alert to all phases of the cost of living. May we suggest, therefore, the argument ad hominem. Speeches about economic needs, export problems, and the importance of sacrificing so that we may supply our allies may be excellently readable speeches; and reference to these underlying factors should not be omitted from our four-minute talks. But "How you can reduce the cost of living." "How you can learn to eat better, be healthier, and spend less." Such topics will make every listener listen. An appeal similar to that for the Liberty Loan can be used: "It is an extra good investment." We then said, " You miss your chance if you stay out. You deserve credit as a patriot if you come in." So now on food conservation we can rightfully say: "Right eating is best for your palate, your health, and your pocketbook. You lose if you do not learn new improved habits. You serve a patriotic cause if you do all you can." Avoid specific directions. A four-minute speech does not permit more than a general appeal. The Food Administration particularly warns us, in such a brief talk, against too many specific directions as to diet, which unless explained in detail are subject to misinterpretation. However, we append a few of these details for information of our speakers. We hope that many of our speakers will go more deeply into the subject and will continue active help on food conservation after our duties during the food-pledge week have been fulfilled. Two typical illustrative speeches, including one by a member of the food administration, are printed in the food pledge week supplement sent herewith. Remember: 4 Minutes, No More. The United States has entered the family of nations; it has thereby assumed tremendous responsibilities. Unless we practice among ourselves what are no more than a few minor deprivations, western civilization can not go on. THE FOOD ADMINISTRATION. WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICII : 1917