Detail View: Archivision Base to Module 9: Chapel of Colònia Güell

Preferred Title: 
Chapel of Colònia Güell
Alternate Title: 
Cripta de la Colònia Güell
Image View: 
Detail, inclined rubble walls (zinc roofing added 2000-2002)
Antoni Gaudí (Spanish architect, 1852-1926)
site: Santa Coloma de Cervelló, Catalonia, Spain
Location Note: 
Barcelona province, 12.9 km west of Barcelona; Carrer de Reixach
1908-1915 (creation); 2000-2002 (alteration)
Cultural Context: 
Catalan; Spanish
Style Period: 
Art Nouveau; Twentieth century
Work Type 1: 
chapel (room or structure)
Work Type 2: 
stone; brick; glazed polychrome tile
construction (assembling); mosaic (process); stained glass
The chapel for the Colonia Güell, a settlement for Güell textile workers at Santa Coloma de Cervelló, near Barcelona, was commissioned in 1898. Its form was derived from a unique catenary modeling system, which Gaudi invented using wires, canvas, threads and hanging weights to simulate the structural stresses. The interior is created from highly complex ribbed vaults of stone, brick and tile in squat, quasi-parabolic shapes carried on inclined columns of roughly chiseled stone and textured brick. Outside, inclined rubble walls and columns grow out of the ground like trees, with teardrop-shaped windows between their roots. The whole building expressed Gaudí?s aim to achieve an organic unity of space, form and structure, in which each element was determined by analogy with nature; an aim reinforced by the exaggeration of the primitivist forms. Only the crypt was completed; it was dedicated in 1915. It was restored in 2000-2002 and some of the unfinished aspects were removed and the roof stabilized. (The roof would have formed the floor of the chapel above.) (Source: Grove Art Online;
Archivision Addition Module Eight
© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.